What kind of approach should we take to make our place in the world meaningful? Through which universe model should we evaluate our environment, which perspective should we take while thinking and how should we organize our lives? Looking for the answers to all these questions, humans studied the universe to the last limit their eyes and possibilities have reached.

With the accumulation of answers taken from Babylonian and Indian civilizations, ancient Greece and Egypt; mathematicians, astronomers and philosophers of the Islamic world have conducted original studies on this subject. Geniuses such as Abdurrahman as-Sufi, al-Bîrûnî, Bettânî, Ulug Bey, Ali Kuscu and Taqi al-Din ar-Râsıd evaluated and corrected the existing resources through observations they carried out, expanded them with innovative interpretations and calculations and made many discoveries with observation instruments they invented, in the observatories they established. For the first time in history, scientific observations began in this period and the first examples of modern observatories emerged in Islamic geography.
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